Pages

Wednesday, July 22, 2015

Digital Substation Takeover: Contest Overview


Digital Substation Takeover, presented by iGRIDS, was held at PHDays V. The contest's participants tried themselves in hacking a real electrical substation designed according to IEC 61850. The general task was to perform a successful attack against the electrical equipment control system.

What it's all about

A special high voltage (500 kV) substation model had been developed for the contest. It included switches, time servers, protective relays that are used in modern high voltage electric networks to ensure protection in emergency situations and incidents (in case of a short circuit, faults in a power transmission line etc.).

Several scenarios were offered, each of them corresponding to unauthorized access to switches: circuit breaker opening, earthing switch closing despite operation blocking. The contest's organizers suggested that the most difficult task—that is to cause an emergency on the site—would be followed by fireworks of burning wires of the model overhead power line set nearby.


This year's format combined various competitions with capture the flag contests. CTF teams along with the rest of the forum's participants were able to take part in them (see our article on our blog). About 50 PHDays attendees and several CTF teams took part in Digital Substation Takeover.

Technical details

The model used the following equipment:

  • Siemens SICAM PAS v. 7.0,
  • common protective relays and switches,
  • GPS and GLONASS time servers,
  • industrial switches.

The course of the contest


Since the contest was held for the first time at PHDays and due to its specific nature, participants spent the first day studying power-system protection, switches, and operation blocking. They had to analyze large amounts of information found on special forums, vendors' sites etc.


The contest comprised several tasks of different difficulty levels:

  • temporal destruction to the substation's information infrastructure (was performed six times);
  • time server reprogramming (was performed once);
  • unauthorized disconnection of consumers (twice);
  • detecting an unknown vulnerability (once).

The most difficult task was to take control over primary devices and issue a command bypassing blocking. No one managed to solve this task (though one team got quite close).

Sergey Sidorov took first place, Alexander Kalinin came second. RDot and ReallyNonamesFor gained some points for hacking the substation.

Not quite at ease

During the contest, representatives of power supply companies, such as the Federal Grid Company of Unified Energy System (FGC UES), were watching the process closely.

"To tell the truth, when I saw those people lounging in beanbags and hacking industrial control and protection systems for some virtual profit, I felt uncomfortable," said Mikhail Seleznev in an interview [ru] with Digital Substation, an online magazine. Mikhail is the head of the ICS and metrology division of the relay protection department at FGC UES. "No one can guarantee that a group of such creative individuals won't gather together and use the knowledge their obtained during this contest to crack real infrastructure—just for the fun of it. Are they aware of the weight of possible consequences of such actions?"

However, Mikhail doubts that it's IEC 61850 that should undergo any changes: "The standard should continue to develop for the benefit of the purposes it was designed for. Information security should be the subject of other standards. There has been much talk about ICS protection recently. In fact, it is important to engage representatives of power supply companies in such discussions—and in putting new methods into practice."

iGRIDS, the organizers of the contest, registered everything that occurred on the stand. By the middle of the contest, it became obvious that the range of threats was broader than they had expected. The developers assure that they will take into account new attack variations when developing subsequent versions of protection systems. And they’ve already got an invitation to take part in PHDays VI!

12 comments:




  1. HACK ATM AND BECOME RICH TODAY
    How to hack an ATM MACHINE or BANK ACCOUNT
    You can hack and break into a bank's security ATM Machine without carrying guns or any weapon.
    How is this possible? First of all we have to learn about the manual hacking of ATM MACHINES and BANKING ACCOUNTS HOW THE ATM MACHINE WORKS. If you have been to the bank you find out that the money in the ATM MACHINE is being filled right inside the house where the machine is built with enough security.to hack this machine We have develop the special blank ATM Card which you can use in any ATM Machine around the world. this card is been programmed and can withdraw 2000 USD within 24 hours in any currency your country make use of. The card will make the security camera malfunction at that particular time until you are done with the transaction you can never be trace. getting the card you will forward the company your address details so we can proceed to send the card to you once you agree to the terms and conditions. you can contact us on email now atmmachinehackes@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. HOW I GET A LEGIT LOAN @ 2% INTEREST RATE
      I was not sure of getting a legit loan lender online But when i could not face my Debt any more, my son was on hospital bed for surgery that involve huge money and i also needed some money to refinance and get a good home then i have to seeks for Assistance from friends and when there was no hope any more i decide to go online to seek a loan and i find VICTORIA LAWSON Loan company (marianlawson@outlook.com) with 2% interest Rate and applied immediately with my details as directed. Within seven Days of my application She wired my loan amount with No hidden charges and i could take care of my son medical bills, Renew my rent bill and pay off my debt. I will advice every loan seeker to contact Victoria Lawson Company with marianlawson@outlook.com For easy and safe transaction.

      *Full Name:_________

      *Address:_________

      *Tell:_________

      *loan amount:_________

      *Loan duration:_________

      *Country:_________

      *Purpose of loan:_________

      *Monthly Income:__________

      *Occupation__________

      *Next of kins :_________

      *Email :_________

      Contact her company Via Email: marianlawson@outlook.com

      Delete
  2. Good Day !!

    I am Hwa Jurong, a Reputable, Legitimate & an accredited money
    Lender. I want to use this medium to inform you that i render reliable beneficiary
    assistance as I'll be glad to offer you a loan at 2% interest rate to
    reliable individuals.

    Services Rendered include:

    *Home Improvement
    *Inventor Loans
    *Car Loans
    *Debt Consolidation Loan
    *Line of Credit
    *Second Loan
    *Business Loans
    *Personal Loans
    *International Loans.

    Please write back if interested.
    Upon Response, you'll be mailed a Loan application form to fill. (No social
    security and no credit check, 100% Guaranteed!) I Look forward permitting me to
    be of service to you. You can contact me via e-mail:hwajurong382@yahoo.com hwajurong12@gmail.com
    Yours Sincerely,

    Hwa Jurong(MD).

    ReplyDelete
  3. TESTIMONY ON HOW I WAS RESCUED BY A GOD-SENT LENDER..

    Hello everyone, am writing this Testimony because am really grateful for what Mason Diego did for me and my family, when I thought there was no hope he came and make my family feel alive again by lending us loan at a very low interest rate of 2%. Well I have been searching for a loan to settle my debts for the past three months all I met scammed and took my money until I finally met a God sent Lender. I never thought that there are still genuine loan lenders on the internet but to my greatest surprise i got my loan without wasting much time so if you are out there looking for a loan of any amount i would advise you to email Mr Diego via: { diegoloancompany@yahoo.com } and be free of internet scams. thanks... Kathie Roper from California, USA.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Good Day !!

    I am JULIA NAVARO, CEO of NAVARO LOAN COMPANY a Reputable, Legitimate & an accredited money Lending company. I want to use this medium to inform you that we render reliable beneficiary assistance as we`ll be glad to offer loan at 2% interest rate to reliable individuals. The Services Rendered include: *Home Improvement *Inventor Loans *Car Loans *Debt Consolidation Loan *Line of Credit *Second Loan *Business Loans *Personal Loans *International Loans *education loans. (No social security and no credit check, 100% Guaranteed!) I Look forward permitting me to be of service to you. You can contact me via e-mail: navaroloancompany@yahoo.com or text us on our mobile number (801) 610-7014....
    Yours Sincerely,
    Julia Navaro.

    ReplyDelete
  5. DIRECT SERVICE ONLINE FIRM
    HEAD OFFICE---Richmond Road,Worthing, United Kingdom
    EMAIL--[directserviceonlinefirm@gmail.com]
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    We give out loans from the range of $1,000 to $90,000,000.at an interest
    of 2% Interest rate.

    Interested clients should please fill our form below-

    NAME--------------
    COUNTRY-----------
    ADDRESS--------------
    AMOUNT OF LOAN NEEDED-------
    PURPOSE OF LOAN ------------
    SCAN AND ATTACH YOUR IDENTITY CARD--
    OFFICE/HOME PHONE NUMBER-----------
    GENDER---------------------------

    Our company mailing contact box is
    via- [directserviceonlinefirm@gmail.com]

    ROSE WILLIAMS
    EMAIL--[directserviceonlinefirm@gmail.com]
    DIRECT SERVICE ONLINE FIRM

    ReplyDelete
  6. Really great to have read about the contest in details here. Definitely the effort needs to be recognized as it comes lots of risky taking points. I do work for a resume writing firm, but still I manage to get some time spent on reading about things like this as I have a passion for the same. Hope to see many more effective postings from you soon.

    Regards,
    Kevin John
    Resume Writer

    ReplyDelete
  7. مع شركة اركان المملكه انت فى ايدى امينه لاننا بكل امان وحرفيه فى كافه المجالات الحديثه والعصريه
    شركة كشف تسربات المياه بجازان
    لدينا الخبره الكبيره فى مجال كشف التسربات اليوميه والتى من الافضل الاهتمام الكامل والشامل بها
    شركة نقل اثاث بجازان
    هكذا نحن معك دائما فى مجال التسليك والمكافحه فى كل وقت وكل مكان ندعمك بكل جهد
    شركة تسليك مجارى بجازان
    وايضا فى مدينه نجران لسنا الوحيدون ولكننا متميزون عن غيرنا فى كافه المجالات
    شركة تسليك مجارى بنجران
    ولدينا الخبره الطويله فى رش المبيدات والمكافحه بكل وقت وكل مكان
    شركة رش مبيدات بجازان
    ولدينا ايضا باع طويل فى المقاولات لاننا شركة متماسكه ولها الافضليه الكبيره فى هذا المجال
    شركة مقاولات بجازان
    نتعامل باقل الاسعار الممكنه والمتاحه لدى العميل والوصول الى الدقه الكامله

    ReplyDelete
  8. All the best blogs that is very useful for keeping me share the ideas
    of the future as well this is really what I was looking for, and I am
    very happy to come here. Thank you very much
    earn to die
    earn to die 2
    earn to die 3
    Hi! I’ve been reading your blog for a while now and finally got the
    earn to die 4
    courage to go ahead and give youu a shout out from
    earn to die 6
    Austin Texas! Just wanted to tell
    earn to die 5
    Hi! I’ve been reading your blog for a while now and finally got the
    happy wheels
    strike force heroes
    slitherio
    you keep up the fantastic work!my weblog
    age of war
    earn to die 5
    good game empire

    ReplyDelete
  9. Nice to be visiting your blog again, it has been months for me. Well this article that i've been waited for so long. I need this article to complete my assignment in the college, and it has same topic with your article. Thanks, great share.
    dark souls 3 wiki emojis

    ReplyDelete